For instance, what’s the difference between the liturgical year and the church calendar? What are lexionary cycles? And why does Steven prepare for the Sunday readings using workbooks marked A, B, or C? Why does Ordinary Time come around twice? Why is it called Ordinary Time? What signals a season’s start and its ending? Are blue vestments now worn to differentiate between Advent and Lent?
Of course, during the search and find process, new questions always come up; but here’s what I’ve found in the meantime.
The liturgical year is divided into four parts. Its two themes, or cycles— Christmas and Easter— are based primarily on the Gospel of John. Each cycle has its seasons and colors.
The Christmas cycle consists of Advent, Christmastide, and the time after Epiphany.
The Easter cycle has four seasons: Septuagesima; Lent (Quadragesima); Paschaltide, or Eastertide; and the time after Pentecost. Moreover, the last two weeks of Lent are called Passiontide. Holy Week with its Sacred Triduum— Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday— begins with Palm Sunday and is the second week of Passiontide and the last week of Lent.
Ordinary Time, on the other hand, isn’t associated with a theme; hence, its name. Its thirty-three or thirty-four Sundays are divided into two sections, which recount the life and work of Christ based on the three remaining gospels. The first part lasts from Monday after the Feast of the Baptism of the Lord through Tuesday before Ash Wednesday; the second, Monday after Pentecost until Saturday evening following the Feast of Christ the King. This holy day ends the liturgical year, after which the new year begins with the Christmas theme.
Gospels are presented in three-year cycles: Matthew, A; Mark, B; and Luke, C. First readings, based on the Old Testament, support the message in the corresponding day’s gospel. Second readings are taken from the apostles’ letters in the New Testament. Although the letters are delivered sequentially, Peter’s and John’s are read during the two church themes: Christmas and Easter. Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians is read at the start of Ordinary Time in Years A, B, and C, since it covers assorted topics and is rather lengthy; James’s Letter to the Hebrews, in Years B and C.
The church calendar refers to four types of remembrances. Feast days denote the dates when saints died, or entered heaven. Memorials honor saints, dedications of churches, or other such special times in church history. Commemorations are celebrations during which parts from two separate Masses are combined to acknowledge both special days, since they can’t be transferred to other dates. Holy days, usually observed with a Vigil Mass, glorify events in the life of Jesus, Mary, or other important saints.
A lexionary is a book of lessons that contains the scripture readings sequenced in such a way that the life of Christ is told from beginning to end each calendar year.
The colors of liturgical vestments depend on the occasion.
White is for Easter, Christmas, and Holy Days; red, for Palm Sunday, Good Friday, and Pentecost Sunday; green, for Ordinary Time; violet or purple, for Advent, Lent, and Requiem Masses; violet, white, or black, for funerals; and rose, for the third Sunday of Advent and the fourth Sunday of Lent. Vestments that are either festive or different in color may also be worn.
In the United States, gold- or silver-colored vestments are also allowed on solemn occasions.
Church time blues
And, personally, I like the idea of royal blue for Advent not only to distinguish the season from Lent, but also to signal that the birth of the Infant is near: a joyous occasion, blue, as opposed to a somber event, purple. However, ten of the twelve online articles I read expressed their dislike, disdain, disgust, and/or disapproval of blue vestments.
One priest referred to a musical parody on the color blue. Another saw red at the sight of a priest wearing blue. If he closed his eyes, he wrote, the colors would blend as purple, which meant compliance with church rules. A couple mentioned blue is worn on special occasions in other countries, while two others noted that Protestants have adopted the color blue for Advent. One blogger was tickled pink to see Pope Benedict XVI wearing blue, and a different source described blue in optimistic shades of patient anticipation.
Maybe I won’t see blue vestments become a reality in my lifetime, but I can dream.
After all, blue is Father Xaviour’s favorite color, as well as the color of the tile near the walls in our new church building. But, no, I haven’t asked Father’s opinion on blue vestments yet.
Links to explore
In the meantime, I’ve got some excellent links to follow (on homilies, church customs, and celebrations) before revisiting the Fish Eaters’ list of recommended movies to view during the liturgical year.
Maybe you’d like to do the same?
November 29, 2010
On entering church for eleven o’clock Mass yesterday, the first day of Advent, I couldn’t believe my eyes.
Blue on the altar? Amazing.
Since replacing the photo on the left (2009) with the photo on the right (2010) on our church blog yesterday, I’ve revisited Sunday’s post numerous times.
The blue is so bright and uplifting compared to the subdued purple that the altar appears to be signaling a glorious event.
I wonder, Will Father Xaviour wear blue to match next year? Will I see blue vestments during Advent in the Catholic Church in my lifetime?
Links of interest… Advent blues… Approved colors (meaning / more)… Blue: chasuble / color / not a liturgical color / not for Christmas / rant & poll (more – still more)… Calendar of saints… Catholic fidelity (why I am Catholic)… Colorful guide to the liturgical year in one infographic… Gospel: homilies / Luke / page: index – introduction… Lectionary: Matthew, A / Mark, B / Luke, C… Liturgical: calendar / colors / feast days / memorial (liturgy) / seasons & cycles (more) / time travel / vestments (more) / year… Movies with Christian themes… Ordinary time (symbols)… Proper of saints: Sanctoral cycle… Seasonal customs… Solemnity… Why do priests wear green in Ordinary Time…